St. Peter & St. Paul
Catholic Primary School
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Children begin to learn phonics (sounds) in Early Years. Once children begin learning sounds, these sounds are used to read and spell words. Children can then see the purpose of learning sounds.
For this reason, the first initial sounds that are taught are ‘s’, ‘a’, ‘t’, ‘p’, ‘i’, ‘n’. These can immediately be blended for reading to make simple CVC words (consonant, vowel, consonant) e.g. sat, pin.
In St Peter and St Paul, we use the Jolly Phonic sounds in accordance with the structure of Letters and Sounds.
There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practioners and Teachers.
Phase One (Nursery/Reception)
Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two(Reception) up to 6 weeks
Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three(Reception) up to 12 weeks
The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks
No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segent longer words with adjacet consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five(Throughout Year 1)
Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six(Throughout Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
Taken from Letters and Sounds, 2017
In Year 1, children will undertake a screening test.
Children in Year 1 throughout the country will all be take part in the phonics screening check, usually the second week of June. Children in Year 2 will also take the check if they did not achieve the required result when in Year 1 or they have not taken the test before.
The phonics screening check is designed to confirm whether individual children have learnt sufficient phonic decoding and blending skills to an appropriate standard, which will inform the school and ensure that the children, who do not meet the standard, have the necessary support for moving forward in the future.
St. Peter & St Paul
Catholic Primary School
Monday to Friday
8.30am - 4.30pm